EDU 600                                CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT  AND TEACHING

Semester                                  1

Credits                                                4

Contact Hours per Week        4 (2Hrs lectures. 2 Hrs seminar)

Compulsory Course in            MA Education

Elective Course in                   None  

Mode of Delivery                   Lectures, Seminars and Case Studies


Course Description

This is a core which intends to equip students with what curriculum development and teaching deals with. It is very interesting course if approached from practical point of view. The course offer wide range of technical, conceptual and practical aspects of understanding concepts, principles of curriculum, curriculum development and its components; curriculum implementation and evaluation, influence of curriculum decision. Later the course will deal with planning instruction and methods of teaching. The course intends to stir up the students’ awareness on previous and current issues relevant to curriculum decision.


Learning Outcomes

At the end of the course the students should be able to:

  1. Realize the link between curriculum theory and real world (practices) i.e.  models of teaching practices
  2. Analyse curriculum document and its underlying assumptions i.e. syllabus, scheme of work etc.
  3. Examine teaching and teaching practice as curriculum development and implementation
  4. Examine the role of teachers, parents and the community on curriculum implementation


Modes of Assessment

Individual and group assignments, Tests, Presentations and final examination as per Mzumbe University, Student assessment criteria by laws


1           The Concepts of Curriculum

  • Definitions of curriculum
  • Components of curriculum
  • Five Eisner’s orientations to curriculum
  • New orientations to curriculum
  • Dimensions of curriculum
  • Features of a good curriculum

2                      Ways of approaching curriculum theory and practice

  1.                                                      i.               Curriculum as a body of knowledge to be transmitted.
  2.                                                    ii.               Curriculum as an attempt to achieve certain ends in students – product.
  3.                                                  iii.               Curriculum as process.
  4.                                                  iv.               Curriculum as praxis.

3           Types of curriculum

  1. Core curriculum, Extra curriculum, Formal curriculum
  2. Inner curriculum, Hidden(unwritten) curriculum, Intended curriculum
  3. Experienced curriculum, Explicit, overt or written curriculum
  4. Received curriculum, Rhetorical curriculum, Societal curriculum
  5. Concomitant curriculum, Phantom curriculum, Null curriculum, etc

4           Curriculum development

  • Meaning of curriculum development
  • Models of curriculum development
  • Implications of models and theories of learning to curriculum development

5           Influences of Curriculum development

  • Social and economic changes, Social networks and linkages, Political changes
  • Role of teachers in curriculum development, Cultural context
  • Technological changes (ICT context), Legal context of curriculum development
  • Environmental changes, Child psychology

6           Curriculum design

  1. Meaning of curriculum design
  2. Principles or attributes of curriculum design
  3. Patterns of curriculum design

7           Curriculum materials

  1. Meaning of curriculum materials
  2. Types of curriculum materials
  3. Characteristics of curriculum materials
  4. Importance of curriculum materials
  5. Principles of preparing and using curriculum materials

8           Curriculum Implementation

ü  Meaning of curriculum implementation

ü  Factors that influence curriculum implementation

ü  The role of teachers, schools inspectors, field administrators parents and community

9           Curriculum mapping

  • Meaning of curriculum mapping
  • Steps of curriculum mapping
  • Forward and backward curriculum mapping
  • Importance of curriculum mapping


10       Curriculum evaluation and review

ü  Definitions of curriculum evaluation and review

ü  Curriculum evaluation approaches or models

ü  The role of curriculum evaluation

ü  Forms of curriculum evaluation

ü  Methods and tools for curriculum evaluation

ü  Instructional evaluation, curriculum evaluation (national exercise)

ü  Curriculum review

11       Curriculum change and innovation

  • Meaning of curriculum change and innovation
  • Context of curriculum change and innovation
  • Necessity for curriculum change
  • Strategies and models of curriculum change and innovation
  • Planning for curriculum change
  • Executing curriculum change
  • Politics in curriculum change and innovation

Required Readings

Tyler, R.W. (1950). Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction. Chicago: University of

        Chicago Press

Flinders, J.D. & Stephen, T. (2008). The curriculum Studies Reader. New York: Routledge.

Joth, A. Balaji, D.L. & Jugram, P. (2009). Curriculum Development. New Delhi:


Posner, G.J. (1992). Analysing the Curriculum. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.

Oliva, P.F. (2009). Developing the curriculum, 7th Ed. Boston. Pearson Education Limited,


Ornestein, A. C; Pajak, E.E and Ornestein, S.B. (2009). Contemporary issues in curriculum,

        4th Ed. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.

Tyler, R.W. (1950). Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction. Chicago: University of

        Chicago Press


Recommended Readings

Harding, D. (2001) Strengthening Teaching and Learning: Changing Views of Teaching and Learning.  Background Paper Prepared for the World Bank Institute Core Course.  World Bank Institute, pp. 1-20.

Moore, A. (2000). Teaching and Learning Pedagogy, Culture nd Curriculum. London: RoutledgeFalmer.

Oluoch, G.P. (2006). Essentials of curriculum Development. Nairobi: Longhorn Publishers.

Ornstein, C.A., Pajack, F.E. & Ornstein, B.S. (2009). Contemporary issues in Curriculum.

New York, Pearson Education inc.

Osaki, K and Ottevanger, W. (2004). Reforming Science and Mathematics Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Obstacles and Opportunities. UDSM:  Teams Project.

Van de Akker, J. et al. (eds). (2004) Curriculum Landscape and Trends, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Walker, G. (2000). What Outcomes Should Public Relations Education Provide? Asia Pacific PublicRelations Journal 1 (2), 35-46.

William G. Wraga and Peter S. (2003). Hlebowith, Toward A Renaissance in Curriculum Theory and Development in the USA. Journal of Curriculum Studies, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 425 – 437.

Wright, H. K. (2000). Nailing Jell to the Wall: Pinpointing Aspects of State-of-the Art Curriculum Theorising. Educational Researcher, 29 (5), 4-13.

Panday, M. (2007). Principles of curriculum Development. New Delhi: RAJAT